Numero 2 -2022

Editoriale

Competitive colonization of Legionella and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in water systems of residential facilities hosting closed communities Legionella versus Pseudomonas aeruginosa in water systems of residential facilities

Gian Loreto D’Alò,1,2,* Alessandra Messina1, Cinzia Mozzetti1, Domenico Cicciarella Modica3, Patrizia De Filippis1

Affiliations

1 Section of Hygiene, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
2 District 6 – Local Health Agency Rome 2, Via della Tenuta di Torrenova 138 00133, Rome, Lazio Region, Italy
3 District 4 – Local Health Agency Rome 6, Via dei Castelli Romani 2/P 00071, Pomezia (Rome), Lazio Region, Italy

Keywords: Antibiosis; Biofilm; Drinking water; Legionella; Microbial interactions; Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Abstract

Legionella and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are pathogens that live and multiply in water systems and resist disinfection through biofilm formation. As suggested by some studies, we wanted to verify whether the presence of P. aeruginosa can lead to a less frequent presence of Legionella in water systems of retirement homes and group homes. We collected 123 hot water and biofilm samples from showerheads.

Hospital networks in Italy: state of the art and future pespectives. Insights from a qualitative research study.

G. Damiani1, M. Di Pumpo*1, G. Giubbini2, L. Lombi3, M.L. Specchia1, L. Sommella4

1 Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore – Rome, Italy
2 Fondazione Policlinico Universitario “A. Gemelli” IRCCS – Rome, Italy
3 Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore – Milan, Italy
4 Fondazione Policlinico Universitario “Campus Bio-Medico di Roma” – Rome, Italy

Keywords: Hospital networks, complexity, integration/coordination, governance, future developments.

ABSTRACT

Background

Hospitals have undergone important that changes that have led, in recent decades at the international level, to the need for greater integration between hospitals and local healthcare services. The main institutional networks that have been developed in Italy are, as commended by the institutional levels, of 4 main types: the Emergency-Urgency Network, the Time-Dependent Networks, the Oncological Networks, and the Networks with primary care settings. It was important to assess the state of the art and analyze it in relation to possible future developments.

When there is no communication between urban planners and public health operators: urban Dermanyssus gallinae infestations in humans.

Annunziata Giangaspero1*, Vito D’Onghia2, Antonella Puccini3, Maria Filomena Caiaffa4, Luigi Macchia5, Alessandra Barlaam1

1Department of Agriculture, Food, Natural Resources and Engineering (DAFNE), University of Foggia, Via Napoli 25, 71121 Foggia, Italy

2Department of Science in Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICAR), Polytechnic University of Bari, Via E. Orabona 4, 70125, Bari, Italy

3Agenzia Sanitalia Locale, Via Tratturo Castiglione 14, 71122, Foggia, Italy

4School and Chair of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

5School and Chair of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari – Aldo Moro, Italy

Keyword: urban health

Abstract

At the international level, it is necessary to apply urban health strategies that can integrate concrete actions to protect and promote health in urban and architectural planning. In cities, the “urban fauna” mostly consists of synanthropic birds (sparrows, starlings, swallows, martins, jackdaws, crows, hawks, gulls, pigeons) that have adapted to a continuous relationship with humans.

Topical interest of the origin of Hygiene and Public Health

Topical interest of the origin of Hygiene and Public Health

Attualità delle origini dell’Igiene e Sanità pubblica

Nihil sub sole novum (nulla di nuovo sotto il sole) Bibbia – Ecclesiaste (1, 10)

Potrebbe destare stupore richiamare l’attenzione dei cultori dell’Igiene e Sanità pubblica su una tra le opere più significative delle circa settanta che costituiscono il Corpus ippocratico – probabilmente assemblato nella biblioteca di Alessandria, all’inizio del III secolo a.C. – cioè sull’ “Aria, Acqua, Luoghi”, che identifica nell’ambiente, nelle condizioni metereologiche, nelle sostanze presenti nell’acqua da bere e in altri fattori molto concreti le possibili cause delle malattie, anziché attribuire loro un’origine soprannaturale.

Questa intuizione millenaria attribuita ad Ippocrate, padre della Scienza medica, ha improntato tutta la storia dell’Igiene e Sanità pubblica dando luogo ad un immenso corpus dottrinale che, seguendo man mano le nuove conoscenze, ha dimostrato la natura dinamica e il continuo ampliamento della disciplina. Disciplina che sta ora sempre più interessando il mondo non solo scientifico ma anche politico e popolare impressionato dalla manifestazione di vistosi fenomeni naturali attribuibili ad una modificazione di equilibri tra i componenti dei tre regni della natura: animale, vegetale e minerale.